What is Mental Retardation?
Persons with less than average mental ability or intelligence are called mentally retarded.

The terms mental retardation , mental deficiency, mental handicap, mental sub-normality and mentally challenged report to the same condition.

How do we identify mental retardation?
Mentally retarded many things common with normal people. But they have characteristic which are different like –

  • Slow reaction
  • Absence of clarity
  • Slow to learn
  • Inability to decide
  • Inability to remember
  • Lack of concentration
  • Lack of coordination
  • Delay in development
  • And short temper
What is Autism?
Autism is a severely incapacitating lifelong disability which appears in the first three years of development. It is a syndrome with a combination of typical behavioural characteristics
What is Cerebral Palsy?
Cp refers to a complex non progressive condition caused by damage to brain within first three years of life that produces disability because of muscular in coordination and weakness.
What is multiple disability?
It refers to a condition where a person is having one or more additional impairment to physical, auditory, or visual function, or some combination of such impairments.
What are epilepsy/fits?
Epilepsy or fits is a condition characterized by jerky movements which lasts for 2-3 minutes. It is caused due to abnormal electrical discharge in the brain which gets generalized.

Another type of epilepsy is called petit mal which is characterized by short absence of consciousness lasting few seconds; the person resumes the original activity soon after it.

Is mental disability curable?
No, it is not curable because brain co-ordinates and directs various bodily functions damage caused to brain is irreversible and abnormal developmental functioning of any part of brain makes an individual less able to adjust to the environment and give rise to various disorder. But early stimulation, intervention, and training help the child to learn fast and lead a dignified life.
How can a you find out whether your child is growing normally?

If you child:

  • Does not respond
  • Is slow to understand
  • Avoids company
  • Is lethargic
  • Concentrates for short time
  • Is irritable and restless
  • Looks different
  • Does not keep up with the children of the same age
  • Late in achieving normal developmental milestones
Can a person with mental retardation open an account in a bank or other financial institutions?
Yes, such person can open joint account in any bank. However he/she will be treated minor and the account will be operated by a guardian.